Dantadhavan means cleaning the teeth. In olden days, this was done by using small sticks of NEEM plant as a brush. Nowadays we use various toothbrushes available in the market. Whenever we eat food or drink any liquid, food particles get collected on and around the teeth. If they are not cleaned, they start decaying after some time and finally the tooth starts decaying. This eventually leads to digestive system disorders.
To prevent this we MUST clean our teeth after every meal. In nowadays practice, it sometimes becomes difficult to clean teeth, particularly after business lunches. But we can definitely do gargles with plain water, which is available anywhere. This can remove the food particles, that are stuck to the teeth. Along with this we can just rub the teeth with our finger. This cleans the teeth and gives them a gentle massage as well.
Also we should clean the teeth after getting up in the morning and at bed time. This helps to remove the dried secretions around the teeth during the night.
For cleaning the teeth, bitter substances should be used. This removes all the dirt, decayed food etc; and improves blood circulation in the gums around the teeth. Also bitters and astringents strengthen the teeth and gums by there astringent properties.
Commonly fine powders of Neem (Azadirachta Indica), Babool (Acacia Arabica), Bakul (Mimusops Elengi), Khadir (Acacia Catechu) are used for cleaning the teeth.
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